In his 1964 New Year's Day address, Martin Luther King Jr.
described Savannah "as the most desegregated city south of the Mason-Dixon line." Law himself was fired from his job as a postman during the height of the crisis but was reinstated when the trumped-up nature of his charges became a national scandal.
The New Deal and World War II precipitated major economic changes in the state, hastening urbanization, industrialization, and the decline of the power of the planter elite.
Emboldened by their experience in the army, black veterans confronted white supremacy, and riots were common on Georgia's army bases.
In the larger cities, notably Atlanta, Macon, and Savannah, local black leaders used their voting power to elect more moderate officials, forcing concessions such as the appointment of black police and higher spending for black schools.
Under the charismatic leadership of the Reverend Ralph Mark Gilbert from Savannah, the NAACP grew to more than fifty branches by 1946.
Furthermore, the political tumult of the World War II era, as the nation fought for democracy in Europe, presented an ideal opportunity for African American leaders to press for racial change in the South.
As some black leaders pointed out, the notorious German leader Adolf Hitler gave racism a bad name.planned an attempt to vote in the July 4, 1944, Democratic primary.
Gilbert, despairing over the collapse of the state network of black protesters, resigned from the leadership of the NAACP.
American South was one of the most significant and successful social movements in the modern world.
Black Georgians formed part of this southern movement for full civil rights and the wider national struggle for racial equality.
The segregation of public schools in Georgia and other southern states was declared unconstitutional in 1954 with the U. However, divisions among protest leaders (King's brief presence was resented by some student activists), tactical mistakes, the machinations of local police chief Laurie Pritchett, and the stubborn defense of white supremacy meant that the campaign was unable to force a citywide desegregation agreement in the short term.
It was King's worst setback in the South, although in Albany itself residents and student volunteers continued to press for racial equality, with some success, long after King had moved on.forced city leaders to agree to desegregate public and private facilities from October 1, 1963, some eight months ahead of federal civil rights legislation.Primus King, whom Brewer recruited to actually attempt the vote, was turned away from the ballot box.